an encyclopedia of finite element definitions

# Degree 2 Raviart–Thomas on a triangle

◀ Back to Raviart–Thomas definition page In this example:
• $$R$$ is the reference triangle. The following numbering of the subentities of the reference is used:
• • $$\mathcal{V}$$ is spanned by: $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 1\\\displaystyle 0\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 0\\\displaystyle 1\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle x\\\displaystyle 0\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 0\\\displaystyle x\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle y\\\displaystyle 0\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 0\\\displaystyle y\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle x^{2}\\\displaystyle x y\end{array}\right)$$, $$\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle x y\\\displaystyle y^{2}\end{array}\right)$$
• $$\mathcal{L}=\{l_0,...,l_{7}\}$$
• Functionals and basis functions: $$\displaystyle l_{0}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{0}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot(1 - s_{0})\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{0}$$
where $$e_{0}$$ is the 0th edge;
and $$\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{0}$$ is the normal to facet 0.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{0} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 4 x \left(1 - 2 x\right)\\\displaystyle 2 y \left(1 - 4 x\right)\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with edge 0 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{1}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{0}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot(s_{0})\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{0}$$
where $$e_{0}$$ is the 0th edge;
and $$\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{0}$$ is the normal to facet 0.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{1} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 2 x \left(1 - 4 y\right)\\\displaystyle 4 y \left(1 - 2 y\right)\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with edge 0 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{2}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{1}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot(1 - s_{0})\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{1}$$
where $$e_{1}$$ is the 1st edge;
and $$\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{1}$$ is the normal to facet 1.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{2} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle - 8 x^{2} - 8 x y + 12 x + 6 y - 4\\\displaystyle 2 y \left(- 4 x - 4 y + 3\right)\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with edge 1 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{3}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{1}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot(s_{0})\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{1}$$
where $$e_{1}$$ is the 1st edge;
and $$\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{1}$$ is the normal to facet 1.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{3} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 8 x y - 2 x - 6 y + 2\\\displaystyle 4 y \left(2 y - 1\right)\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with edge 1 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{4}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{2}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot(1 - s_{0})\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{2}$$
where $$e_{2}$$ is the 2nd edge;
and $$\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{2}$$ is the normal to facet 2.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{4} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 2 x \left(4 x + 4 y - 3\right)\\\displaystyle 8 x y - 6 x + 8 y^{2} - 12 y + 4\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with edge 2 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{5}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{2}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot(s_{0})\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{2}$$
where $$e_{2}$$ is the 2nd edge;
and $$\hat{\boldsymbol{n}}_{2}$$ is the normal to facet 2.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{5} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 4 x \left(1 - 2 x\right)\\\displaystyle - 8 x y + 6 x + 2 y - 2\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with edge 2 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{6}:v\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{R}(\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 1\\\displaystyle 0\end{array}\right))v$$
where $$R$$ is the reference element.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{6} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 8 x \left(- 2 x - y + 2\right)\\\displaystyle 8 y \left(- 2 x - y + 1\right)\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with face 0 of the reference element. $$\displaystyle l_{7}:v\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{R}(\left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 0\\\displaystyle 1\end{array}\right))v$$
where $$R$$ is the reference element.

$$\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{7} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 8 x \left(- x - 2 y + 1\right)\\\displaystyle 8 y \left(- x - 2 y + 2\right)\end{array}\right)$$

This DOF is associated with face 0 of the reference element.