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Degree 1 Nédélec (first kind) on a quadrilateral

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In this example:
\(\displaystyle l_{0}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{0}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{0}\)
where \(e_{0}\) is the 0th edge;
and \(\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{0}\) is the tangent to edge 0.

\(\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{0} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 1 - y\\\displaystyle 0\end{array}\right)\)

This DOF is associated with edge 0 of the reference element.
\(\displaystyle l_{1}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{1}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{1}\)
where \(e_{1}\) is the 1st edge;
and \(\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{1}\) is the tangent to edge 1.

\(\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{1} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 0\\\displaystyle 1 - x\end{array}\right)\)

This DOF is associated with edge 1 of the reference element.
\(\displaystyle l_{2}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{2}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{2}\)
where \(e_{2}\) is the 2nd edge;
and \(\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{2}\) is the tangent to edge 2.

\(\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{2} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle 0\\\displaystyle x\end{array}\right)\)

This DOF is associated with edge 2 of the reference element.
\(\displaystyle l_{3}:\boldsymbol{v}\mapsto\displaystyle\int_{e_{3}}\boldsymbol{v}\cdot\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{3}\)
where \(e_{3}\) is the 3th edge;
and \(\hat{\boldsymbol{t}}_{3}\) is the tangent to edge 3.

\(\displaystyle \boldsymbol{\phi}_{3} = \left(\begin{array}{c}\displaystyle y\\\displaystyle 0\end{array}\right)\)

This DOF is associated with edge 3 of the reference element.